Anfang Mai 2021 wandte sich der Kirchenrat von Westpapua in drei offenen Briefen an Präsident Jokowi, den Gouverneur der Provinz Papua und an den Chef der Provinzpolizei. Seitdem hat sich die Situation in Westpapua immer weiter zugespitzt und der Konflikt verschärft. Die jüngsten Unruhen sind die Reaktion auf die umstrittene Ernennung des Sekretärs der Provinzregierung von Papua, Dance Yulian Flassy, zum amtierenden Gouverneur der Provinz Papua durch Indonesiens Innenminister Tito Karnavian.
Als Grund für seine Ernennung wird angegeben, dass der Gouverneur von Papua, Lukas Enembe, sich derzeit in Singapur in Behandlung befinde und in seiner Abwesenheit die Regierung und die öffentlichen Dienste weiterhin reibungslos funktionieren müssen.
Laut der Nachrichtenagentur Asia Pacific Report schockierte diese plötzliche Ernennung Gouverneur Enembe, der sagte, dass er weder informiert noch auf die Ernennung aufmerksam gemacht worden sei. Enembe sagte, er sei überrascht von der Tatsache, da Innenminister Tito Karnavian derjenige war, der ihm die Erlaubnis erteilte, im April zur medizinischen Behandlung nach Singapur zu gehen. "Warum versucht der Innenminister dann, mich zu ersetzen, obwohl er weiß, dass ich noch am Leben bin und mich erhole?", so Enembe.
In einer offenen Erklärung des Kirchenrates von Westpapua, die am 27. Juni 2021 veröffentlicht wurde, kritisiert dieser hauptsächlich die Ernennung von Dance Flassy und weist darauf hin, dass dieser Schritt nur Teil einer größeren Regierungsagenda sei, um eine spaltende Politik zwischen den Papuas zu betreiben und den besonderen Autonomiestatus aufrecht zu erhalten.
So schreibt der Kirchenrat:
"Wir sind der Meinung, dass dies auch ein Versuch des Staates ist, sich den Forderungen nach einer Lösung der vier Ursachen des Papua-Problems zu entziehen, die laut LIPI die Wurzeln des Konflikts in Papua sind. Die vier ursächlichen Probleme sind;
a. Rassismus und Marginalisierung;
c. Versagen der Entwicklung
d. Der Status der politischen Geschichte Papuas"
So kommt der Kirchenrat von Westpapua zu dem Schluss, "dass, basierend auf der Erfahrung des gemeinsamen Leidens mit dem papuanischen Volk, die Hauptursache des Konflikts zwischen Papua und dem Staat der Rassismus als "Herz" und "Kern" ist, der zur Grundlage für Gewalt und Unterdrückung der Papuas durch den Staat geworden ist."
Weiter äußert er sich:
"Gegenwärtig haben wir es mit großen Problemen zu tun, die unser Volk erlebt, nämlich
a. Der Konflikt in Nduga, der im Dezember 2018 begann und bis heute andauert, hat zu einer massiven internen Vertreibung geführt;
b. Der Konflikt in Intan Jaya, der seit Dezember 2019 andauert, hat das Leben von Pastoren und Kirchenvertretern gefordert, was ebenfalls zu einer massiven internen Vertreibung von Menschen geführt hat;
c. Der seit 2021 andauernde Konflikt in Puncak hat zu zivilen Opfern und massiver Binnenvertreibung geführt;
d. Flüchtlinge (Binnenflüchtlinge) aus Tembagapura im Januar 2020
Die Auswirkungen dieser Konflikte haben dazu geführt, dass Tausende von Papua vergessen und nicht beachtet werden, obwohl sie fortwährend ihr Leben lassen. Diese Konflikte sind eine Folge der kontinuierlichen und exzessiven Stationierung von Truppen in der Region und anderen Gebieten im ganzen Land Papua. Dies zeigt, dass Jakartas Ansatz zur Konfliktlösung in Papua ein militärischer Ansatz ist."
Hier folgt nun der gesamte Brief des Kirchenrates von Westpapua auf Englisch (hier als pdf):
THE RESPONSE OF THE WEST PAPUA COUNCIL OF CHURCHES TO THE CURRENT SITUATION IN WEST PAPUA
05 / VI / DGP / 2021
We, the West Papuan Church Council, consider that the polemic around the Provincial Secretary (Sekda) and the Radiogram letter no.T.121.91/4124/OTDA regarding the appointment of the Provincial Secretary, Dance Flassy, as the acting Governor of the Papua Province cannot be separated from the larger agenda of the central government in Jakarta to carry out divisive politics between fellow Papuans. This agenda also includes perpetuating the continuation of the implementation of Special Autonomy and the plan to expand the creation of New Autonomous Regions, without involving the Papuan people who are the subjects of development. This polemic is a continuation of the two versions of the appointment and inauguration of the Provincial Secretary, namely the Papuan Provincial version and the version from the Ministry of Home Affairs v on March 1, 2021.
We consider that this is also an attempt by the State to evade demands to resolve the four roots of the Papuan problem which LIPI concluded were the roots of conflict in Papua. The four root problems are;
a. Racial Discrimination and Marginalization;
b. Human Rights Violations
c. Development Failure
d. The Status of Papuan Political History
Affirming the findings of LIPI regarding the roots of the conflict in Papua, we Papuan church leaders conclude that based on the experience of suffering together with the Papuan people, the root cause of the conflict between Papua and the State is Racism as the "heart" and "core" which has become the basis for violence and oppression against Papuans by the State.
Currently, we are dealing with big problems which are being experienced by our people, namely;
a. The conflict in Nduga which started in December 2018 and which is still ongoing today, has resulted in massive internal displacement;
b. The conflict in Intan Jaya ongoing since December 2019 has claimed the lives of pastors and church officials, also resulting in the massive internal displacement of people;
c. The conflict in Puncak since 2021 has caused civilian casualties and massive internal displacement;
d. Refugees (Internally Displaced People) from Tembagapura in January 2020
The impact of these conflicts has caused thousands of Papuan people to be neglected and unnoticed even though they are dying constantly.
These conflicts have occurred as a result of the continuous and excessive deployment of troops in the region and other areas throughout the Land of Papua. This shows Jakarta's approach to conflict resolution in Papua is to use a militaristic approach.
We consider that the polemic scenarios of the Provincial Secretary, the extension of Special Autonomy and the creation of new administrative areas are an effort to divert attention from the military operations that have been described previously. The state has ignored the substantive issues and considers the issue of Human Rights Violations as an unimportant and side issue.
The extension of Special Autonomy (OTSUS) and the addition of new administrative regions are not an emergency need in order to resolve problems and conflicts in Papua, but instead, they lead to further conflicts. The Papuan people have objected to the extension of the Special Autonomy. There are 700,000 Papuans who have declared Special Autonomy a failure through the Reject OTSUS petition. If the OTSUS extension is enforced in a similar way to other steps Jakarta has taken in recent years, will they be labelled as terrorists?
The issue of racism that occurred in 2019, the labelling of the Papuan civilian movement against injustice as an Armed Criminal Group (KKB) which was then later named by the Coordinating Minister for Political, Legal and Security Affairs, Mahfud MD, as a terrorist group on 29 April 2021, has given rise to a new stigma against Papuans as terrorists.
Taking these things into account, we, the West Papuan Council of Churches recommend the following:
To the Central Government:
1. The Central Government in Jakarta should immediately stop the politics of creating conflict between Papuans through the polemic between the Governor of Papua Province and the Secretary of the Papua Province and take into account that currently, the Papuan people are in a situation of mourning due to conflicts and prolonged human rights violations;
2. The government should immediately stop the stigmatization and character assassination of indigenous Papuan officials as "separatists", in the same pattern that has been repeated since the establishment of the province of West Irian in 1963. We conclude that this shows Jakarta's distrust of Papua as a province within Indonesia. This has actually exacerbated the long-standing conflict between Jakarta and Papua;
3. The government should immediately stop all unilateral decision-making processes that are forcing the continuation of Papua's Special Autonomy without involving the Papuan people and listen to the aspirations of the people who have rejected the extension of Special Autonomy through the Papuan People's Petition which has now reached 700,000 signatures;
4. Seeing that the recent state policies related to Papua are full of militaristic approaches, we question the extent of the authority of President Joko Widodo as head of state of the Republic of Indonesia in making political and development policy decisions in Papua.
5. The Indonesian government through the leadership of President Joko Widodo should immediately open access and allow the UN Human Rights Commissioner, various independent international investigative teams from the Pacific Island Forum, African Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries and foreign media to enter Papua, as President Joko Widodo has previously conveyed in various statements.
6. The Indonesian government should immediately seek to resolve the conflict in Papua and Jakarta by following up on President Joko Widodo's statement on September 30, 2019, and meet with pro-referendum groups.
To God's People in Papua;
This situation of conflict and the polemic of the Papuan Provincial Secretary must be seen as a small part of the larger conflict scenario that is being implemented by Jakarta for Papua. This is Indonesia's attempt to divide Papuans, a pattern that has been going on since the 1960s. We have been divided by using relational sentimentalities, namely Papua Mountain - Papua Coast, Papua this tribe and that tribe, Papua Islam and Christian. This all comes from the existence of racist views against Papuans who are considered backward and primitive. Therefore, we urge all Papuans not to become trapped in this divisive scenario so that Papuans will live on from generation to generation.
To the International Community
In view of the ongoing situation of human rights violations and the deteriorating situation of the Papuan people, we ask the following to the international community:
1. The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights should immediately conduct a humanitarian intervention in the Land of Papua to see firsthand the impact of conflicts and human rights violations;
2. Regarding the polemic of Papuan Special Autonomy, we see that there is no goodwill from the state to carry out a comprehensive evaluation of the Special Autonomy for Papua by involving all Papuans, through the mechanism regulated in Law no. 21 of 2001 concerning Special Autonomy for Papua. The Papuan People's Assembly as the cultural representative institution of the Papuan people have attempted to hold hearings (RDP) throughout the Papuan Customary Territory, but in the middle of the process, it was thwarted by the state. The state continues to impose unilateral extension of the implementation of Special Autonomy. Therefore, we ask the countries that support the funding and implementation of Special Autonomy for Papua, namely Members of the European Union, the United States and Australia to immediately send delegates to Papua and see firsthand the success and failure of the implementation of Special Autonomy in Papua.
3. The Member States of the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG) should continue to include the issue of West Papua through the ULMWP as one of the agendas in the MSG Leader Summit meeting which be soon held during this year.
4. The member countries of the Pacific Island Forum should continue to include the issue of Human Rights in Papua as one of the agendas in the PIF Leader's Summit meeting which will be soon held during this year.
If the conflict situation in Papua is allowed to continue, Papua will become as described by our fellow servant of God Pastor Franz Magnis Suseno, SJ, "The situation in Papua is bad, abnormal, uncivilized, and shameful, because it is closed to foreign media. Papua is a rotting wound in the body of the Indonesian nation. We will be exposed in the civilized world, as a savage nation, a nation that kills Papuans, even though we don't use weapons." (Nationality, Democracy, Pluralism, 2015, pp. 2055 and 2057). This was also emphasized by the servant of God Pastor Frans Lishout, OFM who said that "Papuans have become a minority in their own country, it is very sad, Papua is a festering wound in the face of Indonesia". (Book of Teachers and Pastors for Papua, 2020, p. 601).
In closing this pastor's letter, we would like to emphasize that if the state does not immediately resolve the conflict in West Papua then West Papua will continue to be a problem like a thorn in the flesh that will continue to pierce and cause pain.
Jayapura, 27 June 2021
WEST PAPUAN COUNCIL OF CHURCHES
Rev. Benny Giay (Moderator)
Rev. Andrikus Mofu
Rev. Dorman Wandikbo
Rev. Socrates S. Yoman